Faraid (Islamic Inheritance Law) Management


The word Faraid literally has a lot of meaning. Among them are to determine, to ensure, to legalise and to obligate. According to Islamic terminology, Faraid is the distribution of the estate of a deceased Muslim whether the deceased left a will or otherwise before he died. The estate will be distributed to the deceased person's heirs (such as children, wife, husband, etc) as per the Islamic law. The assets to be distributed to the heirs are the remainder after deducting the funeral expenses, the heirs' debts (tithe, vows or nazar, etc) and wills that is allowed by the Islamic law or syarak (and usually not more that 1/3 of the total assets) Types of assets allowed to be distributed by Islamic law are as follows:
  1. Land
  2. Buildings (houses).
  3. Jewellery (gold, silver etc)
  4. Insurance and Cash (whether invested or not)
  5. Livestock such as goat, cattle, camel, buffalo, etc.
 

RATE AND CONDITIONS FOR EACH OF THE HEIRS


The followings are portions received by the beneficiaries according to syarak (Islamic law)

 

 Portions Received    

Husband to the deceased

1/2

No children OR grandchildren
from the son

1/4

Has children OR
Grandchildren from the son


 Portions Received    

Wife to the deceased

1/4

No children OR grandchildren
from the son

1/8

Has children OR
Grandchildren from the son


Portions Received    

Grandfather to the deceased

Same as the father

Received portions only if there is no father.

 

Portions Received    

Female Sibling of the Same Parents to the deceased

1/2

No children, grandchildren, father AND no heirs to declare it Asabah

2/3

Two siblings or more, no children, grandchildren, father AND no members to declare it Asabah.

ASABAH

Having a biological brother OR grandfather.

Impeded by

Survived by father OR son OR grandson son of the son

 

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